The Moon Adventure: Big questions about the Moon

What's it like to be an astronaut? Where did the Moon come from? What's the future of humans in space? Read on to find out more!

You can also join us as we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the first people to walk on the Moon with an exhibition at our London building plus events in the London area and further afield.

Find out more about the exhibition and events programme.


Cartoon image of two celestial bodies, known by scientists as Theia and Proto-Earth, colliding to create the Earth and Moon

Composition and origins of the Moon

Since the dawn of civilisation, we have always wondered where the Moon came from. But until we finally managed to visit it in 1969, its origins remained a complete mystery to science.

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Smiling cartoon Moon showing rings on its surface caused by impact craters

Surface features of the Moon

Looking up at the night sky when the Moon is full, it’s hard to draw your eyes away from the bright globe staring down at you. But it’s not only the brightness that’s attention-grabbing, it’s that there is so much to look at, even without a telescope. 

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Cartoon image of the Sun depicted as a DJ with the Earth and Moon dancing around it showing different shapes in the sunlight

Phases and orbits of the Moon

The biggest clue to why the Moon always looks different when you look up at the sky is that it is constantly moving in relation to Earth and the Sun. It pops up in different places and at different times because it orbits the Earth. 

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Composite cartoon image of the Moon personified as a superhero, vampire, musician and farmer to depict a supermoon, blood moon, blue moon and harvest moon.

Extraordinary behaviour of the Moon

The sudden darkening of the Sun in the daytime. A blood red Moon rising at night. These are rare occasions that inspire awe in all those that get to experience them. 

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Cartoon image of a turtle in the sea underneath a full Moon, alongside images of a clock, compass and calendar

How does the Moon affect the Earth?

What if the Moon suddenly disappeared? Would our planet be plunged into chaos, or would we not care? The answer is perhaps more subtle than you would expect.

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Cartoon image of rocket taking off from Earth and journeying to the Moon, with images showing the command module and lunar lander

How did we get to the Moon?

Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin’s walks on the Moon inspired awe in the millions who huddled round to watch on their televisions screens in 1969, and billions since. But the most awe-inspiring part of Apollo 11 was not televised in its entirety – how the astronauts got to the Moon and back. 

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Cartoon image of an astronaut on the Moon along with an American flag, footprints and reflector plus an image of a postcard from the Moon, lunar rocks and rock candy with 'Moon rock' written on it

How do we know that we went there?

Every single argument claiming that NASA faked the Moon landings has been discredited. But even today 50 years later, people discuss conspiracy claims online, on television programmes and around the dinner table. 

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Cartoon image of astronauts on the Moon with air tank and lunar lander, showing extreme hot and cold temperatures

What’s it like to be an astronaut?

NASA had to find ingenious ways to keep astronauts alive in the hostile lunar environment – which would kill anyone without the proper kit in an instant. But more than that, scientists developed technologies that made the astronauts mobile.

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Cartoon of a person in a spacesuit looking at property ads

How could we live on the Moon?

There are many reasons to build a permanent base on the Moon. But where would we live and how could we survive the Moon’s hostile environment? 

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Cartoon image of potential future uses of the Moon

What next for humans on the Moon?

We may not have put boots on the Moon since 1972, but interest in returning is growing. This time around, the promise of learning more about the lunar surface is not the only motivation. 

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My Moon Adventure booklet

My Moon Adventure

Download My Moon Adventure to print and do at home or at school! Full of fun things to do and fascinating facts.

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